Monday, October 23, 2017

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The Jewelers Language & Terms

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The Jewelers Language & Terms

In searching for your ideal wedding ring, along the way various terms may be used in describing features and or areas of the diamond or jewel your selecting. Having a knowledge of these various terms may work to keep you sharp and well informed as you make sure selection. Here are some common descriptive terms used by most jewelers in the market today.
 
 

Blemishes:
A defect of some kind on the outside of the diamond, this might be a scratch, nick chip etc.
 

Blue-White:
Is indicating that the diamond glows fluorescent blue under UV light.
 

Bonded:
Means the diamond is a natural diamond stone with the jeweler’s full warranty for exchange, damages etc.
 

Brilliance:
When light (white) is reflected back from a diamond
 

Brilliant:
A diamond that is round and holds 58 facets or sides
 

Carat:
The sum of weight that is equal to 200 milligrams.
 

Carbon:
This is the material raw to which diamonds come from. This is sometimes viewable inside the diamond as tiny spots.
 

Cloud:
Small inclusion clusters found internally as flaws
 

Crown:
This is known as the top of the diamond.
 

Culet:
This is the bottom facet of the diamond
 

Dispersion:
This is when colored light is reflected from within the diamond
 

Eye-clean:
Indicates that the diamond is without flaws visible to the naked eye

Facet:
This is the polished surface of a diamond.
 

Fluorescence:
This is a diamond’s returned action to UV light.
 

Full-cut:
This is when a diamond has 58 or more facets or faces
 

Gemologist:
A certified individual with professional training in diamonds & colored stones, gems etc.
 

Girdle:
This is the narrow unpolished area around the widest part of the diamond. This area is what separates crown from the pavilion of the diamond.
 

Head:
This is the grip fingers that hold a diamond within its setting.
 

Inclusion:
This indicates a defect or flaw within the diamond.
 

Karat:
Used to indicate the measure of purity in gold. 24-karat gold is pure gold. Common jewelry will contain 14-18-karats, other metals will then be used to add strength.
 

Laser-drilled:
This is a diamond that was cured by a laser for the removal of carbon spots.
 

Loupe:
The small magnifier used to view diamond or other gems
 

Off-make Pave:
A diamond that is poorly proportioned
 

Pave:
A method used for setting diamonds together to present the illusion of one stone
 

Pavilion:
The bottom side of a diamond.
 

Single-cut:
A diamond that has 16 to 17 facets or faces
 

Tiffany:
A ring that is simple in appearance with elegance and a 2-3mm ring setting with head for a single diamond

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